Overwhelming landscapes, deafening stillness, broken only by screaming birds and the groaning of ice. For wild-life on this pristine but inhospitable continent it is, however, an extremely arduous existence. Much more threatening is the manmade huge increase in greenhouse gas. Last year, for the first time, the number of carbon dioxide particles in the atmosphere above the antartic went through the 400 ppm (particles per million) barrier, the last place on earth for this to happen. During the past 130 million years, up to the industrial revolution, the number of CO-2 particles in the atmosphere had never been above the 300 ppm, not even during the warmest periods. Now, in less than the wink of an eye, this greenhouse gas has shot through the 400 ppm barrier. Temperatures of around 20 degrees celsius have been measured. Rock hard, undisputed figures, whilst politicians argue about a 1 or 2 % decrease, maybe, in 40 years.